The Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway is an under-construction railway in Java, Indonesia. The current railway between Jakarta and Bandung takes from 2h 50m to 3h 29m to cover the 168.5 km trip. The new railway covers 142.3 km and is expected to reduce travel time to 40 minutes.
The train will be able to travel at up to 350 kilometers per hour, making it the first high-speed railway in Southeast Asia. The current fastest railway in Southeast Asia is the ETS in Malaysia, with a top speed of 160 km/h.
Japan had initially proposed a high-speed railway, with JICA having completed a study in 2012. After subsequent years of plans and studies, the government announced that it would go ahead with construction in 2015, with Japan and China competing for the contract. In September 2015 it was announced that the project was cancelled, then the government to announce in October 2015 that China had won the bidding.
Construction And Completion Date
The project officially began with a ceremony on 21 January 2016, only for work to stop shortly thereafter. The project began again later in the year, but it has been plagued with delays ever since. Slow land clearance and the pandemic have played a part in the delays.
In August 2016 it was announced that it would be finished by 2019. By February 2018 the completion date was moved to 2020, and by August 2018 the completion date was moved another year to 2021. In February 2020 – the calm before the pandemic storm – the estimated completion date was still set for 2021. The most recent estimate was announced in September 2020, with the completion date being been moved to 2023.
There are four station planned for the 142.3 km route:
[Image via stadin.id.]
Halim Station is to the north of Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, and it will be connected to the future Greater Jakarta LRT.
[Image via stadin.id.]
[Image via stadin.id.]
Tegal Luar (Bandung)
[Image via stadin.id.]
Map of Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway
[Map of Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway.]
There are plans to extend the high-speed railway to Surabaya in East Java. This would go via the south to Yogyakarta.
Japan was offered the right to work on the extension, but they declined. Instead, Japan will work on the semi high-speed railway from Jakarta to Surabaya. This route traverses the northern side of the island via Semerang, and not via Bandung. There was mention of including Kertajati International Airport being included on the high-speed extension, but it would make more sense for it to be included on the semi high-speed railway.
This page covers news of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway, and future extensions to Surabaya. News and facts for the alternative Jakarta-Surabaya semi high-speed railway will be on another page.
Links And Resources
PT Kereta Cepat Indonesia China (KCIC) – “A joint venture between a consortium of Indonesian State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) through PT Pilar Sinergi BUMN (PSBI) and a consortium of Chinese railroad companies through Beijing Yawan HSR Co.Ltd, with Indonesia business to business (B2B) scheme in public transportation sector.”
China Railway Group Limited – Jakarta-Bandung High-speed Railway, Indonesia.
INDONESIA | High Speed Rail – News and discussion at skyscrapercity.
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KAI to lead Indonesian consortium in high-speed rail project with China – [14/07/21]
“With the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project drawing closer to completion, the government wants to put state-owned PT Kereta Api Indonesia (KAI) in charge of a consortium of four state-owned enterprises (SOE) that holds the majority stake in the Indonesian-Chinese project.”
Trial Run of Jakarta-Bandung Railway Project to Take Place End of 2022, Jokowi Says – [18/05/21]
“President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) visited the location of the Jakarta-Bandung fast train construction project. The progress or development of this project development is already above 70 percent. Therefore, he targets that in early 2022 it will enter the operational stage and by the end of 2022 it can be tested.”
Largest-span continuous beam closed in Indonesia’s Jakarta-Bandung high speed rail – [09/03/21]
“So far, 14 out of 28 continuous beams in the whole alignment of Jakarta-Bandung HSR have been closed.”
Indonesia invites China as investor for extended high-speed railway – [19/01/21]
“Indonesia will go ahead with plans to extend construction of the Chinese-backed Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway to Surabaya despite Japan refusing to join the enlarged project”.
Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway progresses by 64%, completes drilling of fifth tunnel – [17/12/20]
“Railway developer PT Kereta Cepat Indonesia China (KCIC), a joint venture between Indonesian and Chinese companies, has announced that the construction of the widely anticipated Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway has reached 63.9 percent, amid delays due to the pandemic.”
The Jakarta-Bandung rail project: 5 years on and still going nowhere – [03/12/20]
“The railway, China’s landmark BRI project in Indonesia, has failed to account for its economic and social impacts.”
China-made steel rails go on voyage for Jakarta-Bandung high speed railway – [29/11/20]
“China’s high-speed railway exports ushered in a new business in addition to technical standards and contracted construction – as steel rails export heading for Indonesia’s Jakarta-Bandung high speed railway (HSR) was on sea voyage, making the nation as one of the few countries in the world that can export long steel rails.”
Off the rails – Indonesia’s Belt and Road rail mess – [24/09/20]
“South-east Asia’s first bullet train is half-way there, according to the Indonesian government. Others say the much-delayed $7.8 billion project, part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, should never have begun.”
Major continuous beam for Indonesia’s Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed-Railway built – [15/08/20]
“The continuous beam at the DK29 project site situated in Bekasi district was constructed by Sinohydro Bureau 8 Co., LTD, a subsidiary to state-owned hydropower project contractor Power Construction Corporation China.”
Construction of Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway makes steady progress amid COVID-19 pandemic – [02/08/20]
“The high-speed rail project linking Indonesia’s Jakarta and Bandung, carried out by Chinese builders, has successfully balanced construction progress with COVID-19 prevention and control measures this year.”
Bungled Jakarta–Bandung high-speed rail line causes chaos – [28/07/20]
“The line was set to open last year but disregard for the environment has plagued construction, resulting in delays.”
Japan puzzled by Indonesia’s policy shift over high-speed rail plan – [27/06/20]
“Japan has been perplexed by Indonesia’s abrupt policy shift on a high-speed railway project, now asking Tokyo to join in on the major infrastructure deal that it originally lost out to China.”
Indonesia woos Japan as China-led high-speed-rail project stalls – [08/06/20]
“Tokyo lost to Beijing in bidding, but construction delay creates new opening.”
Jokowi wants Jakarta-Bandung fast train to extend to Surabaya – [30/05/20]
“President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has approved a plan to extend the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail to Surabaya, East Java, with a move that would urge China and Japan, former rivals in the original project, to collaborate for developing Indonesia’s high-speed railway network.”
Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project delayed amid pandemic – [15/04/20]
“Construction on the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project is expected to be delayed amid the COVID-19 pandemic, a high-ranking government official has said.”
Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway tunnel completed – [30/04/20]
“Construction of the No.3 tunnel of the Jakarta-Bandung High-Speed Railway in Indonesia was completed on April 26, laying a solid foundation for future engineering on the rail.”
Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway targeted for completion by 2021 – [24/02/20]
“Transportation Minister Budi Karya Sumadi said he is optimistic the development of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project can be completed by late 2021.”
Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail project back on track, says Indonesia’s investment chief – [08/05/19]
“Indonesia’s investment chief Thomas Lembong is optimistic that the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail project is back on track after years of mismanagement, but the concern over how long it will take to recoup the costs of the ambitious joint venture still remains.
“What has plagued the project over the last three years is just mismanagement, plain and simple. We had not even the B team in there. Possibly not even the C team, but the D team,” he said at a Jakarta Foreign Correspondents Club dialogue on Wednesday (May 8).”
Indonesian ‘Belt and Road’ high-speed rail link expects $18 billion from satellite towns – [02/05/19]
“The Indonesian-Chinese consortium building a high-speed rail link between the capital Jakarta and the textiles hub of Bandung expects to earn $18 billion developing satellite towns and industrial centers along the line, a company official said.”
Indonesia will have a high-speed rail by 2021 – [03/04/19]
“The Indonesian-Chinese joint venture Kereta Cepat Indonesia-China (KCIC) will complete the construction of a high-speed railway in Indonesia on the Jakarta-Bandung route by 2021.”
Indonesia’s China-financed high-speed rail project off track – [11/10/18]
“Indonesia plans to build Southeast Asia’s first high-speed railway — but almost nothing is going to plan.”
Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail to open in 2021: Constructor – [05/08/21]
“With most of the land needed for the track and funding secured, Wijaya Karya is now confident to see the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail line operational in 2021.”
China makes breakthroughs in Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail line – [09/05/18]
“In contrast to rumors of stagnation, the construction project of Jakarta to Bandung high-speed railway is proceeding well and has recently made breakthroughs, Xinhuanet.com reported on May 8.”
Jakarta-Bandung high speed train fares may reach Rp 500,000 – [20/02/18]
“Fares for the Jakarta-Bandung high speed train, which is expected to operate in 2020, may reach Rp 500,000 (US$35) without a government subsidy.”
Jakarta-Bandung railway project won’t meet target: Minister – [19/02/18]
“State-Owned Enterprises Minister Rini Soemarno has said the construction of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project will fail to meet its completion target in 2019 due to problems in land acquisition.”
Indonesia to extend Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail – [12/02/18]
“The Indonesian government is studying the possibility of extending the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed train project to connect the newly constructed Kertajati International Airport in Majalengka, West Java, and even Yogyakarta and Surakarta in Central Java”.
Jakarta-Bandung railway project plagued by land acquisition trouble – [07/09/17]
“One of the biggest problems in relation to infrastructure development or construction projects in Indonesia is the land acquisition process. Many projects have been delayed – or cancelled altogether – because local land owners refuse to sell their land to the developers of the project, or, they only agree to sell land at very costly prices.”
Jakarta may offer China larger stake in high-speed rail project – [27/07/17]
“Move being studied as costs rise; it will reduce risks for Indonesia.”
Testing begins on the Jakarta-Bandung project in Indonesia – [26/05/17]
“Testing of the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project has started, with construction potentially beginning at the end of this month.”
Indonesia might see high-speed rail costs swell amid changes – [15/04/17]
“The upcoming Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail project is in danger of costing more than it should, with shifting designs of the project threatening to swell costs from the intial estimate of US$5.5 billion to $5.9 billion.”
Jakarta – Bandung construction contract signed – [06/04/17]
Indonesia high-speed train, backed by China, comes untracked – [28/03/17]
“President Joko Widodo’s signature infrastructure project has stalled for a host of familiar reasons, including resistance from the powerful military.”
Indonesian high-speed rail project stalls, waiting on land – [15/02/17]
“Surging prices, local objections hinder acquisitions needed for Chinese financing.”
Indonesia expects CDB loan for Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway project in March – [21/01/17]
“Indonesia expects the China Development Bank to disburse a $4.1 billion loan by March, providing crucial financing required to continue construction of the archipelago’s first high-speed railway.”
Jakarta – Bandung HSR project could be completed within three years – [25/08/16]
“The Indonesian high-speed rail project received all permits. Seven months after ground was broken for Indonesia’s first high-speed railway, which is being developed by a China-Indonesia joint venture, the project received a construction permit for its entire length. The developer of the Jakarta – Bandung high-speed rail project, PT Kereta Cepat Indonesia China (KCIC), recently received a construction permit that covers the entire 142 kilometers line.”
Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail project gets all permits – [22/08/16]
“Seven months after ground was broken for Indonesia’s first high-speed railway, which is being developed by a China-Indonesia joint venture, the project received a construction permit for its entire length, media reports said Sunday.”
Atkins to create transit oriented masterplan for Indonesia’s first high speed rail corridor – [08/04/16]
“The TOD masterplan will integrate smart planning, land value capture and development/station integration, with Atkins specifically covering “masterplanning, transit oriented development, architecture and urban design, landscape design and station integration for Halim and Manggarai areas.””
Indonesia: Jakarta – Bandung fast train concession agreement signed – [18/03/16]
“Following an abortive attempt to begin construction of the Jakarta – Bandung high-speed railway line in January of this year, a concession agreement has been signed between Kereta Cepat Indonesia China (KCIC) and the Ministry of Transportation. The contract provides for a 50 year period of operation after which the railway will be transferred to the Government of Indonesia.”
Indonesia’s high-speed rail plan goes off the tracks – [03/02/16]
“Indonesia’s transportation ministry laid out a litany of shortcomings in plans for a $5.5 billion China-funded high-speed railway, casting doubt on the project and spotlighting President Joko Widodo’s limits in turning megaprojects into reality as he tries to draw foreign investors to Southeast Asia’s largest economy.”
Indonesia halts high-speed rail project five days after start – [28/01/16]
“Saying key documents have not been submitted, the Indonesian government has halted work on China’s hard-won Jakarta-Bandung high-speed rail project just five days after the ground-breaking ceremony.”
Indonesia starts construction of high-speed rail line – [21/01/16]
“Indonesia broke ground Thursday on a joint project with China to build Southeast Asia’s first high speed rail service, linking the Indonesian capital Jakarta with Bandung in western Java.”
China, domestic companies to build Indonesia high-speed rail – [16/10/15]
“Officials from China and a domestic consortium signed an agreement Friday to build the first high-speed rail line in Indonesia after Japan lost in the bidding late last month.”
Jakarta-Bandung bullet train unnecessary: House deputy speaker – [02/10/15]
“The government’s decision to move forward with plans for the Jakarta-Bandung bullet train project with China as the sole investor has invited criticism from the House of Representatives (DPR) deputy speaker Fadli Zon.”
Japan cries foul after Indonesia awards rail contract to China – [01/10/15]
“Beijing gatecrashes Shinkansen export plan with deal involving no-strings finance.”
It’s official: China, not Japan, is building Indonesia’s first high-speed railway – [01/10/15]
China’s offer to build the Jakarta-Bandung line without requiring funding from Indonesia was the tipping point.
China wins Indonesia high-speed rail project as Japan laments ‘extremely regrettable’ U-turn – [29/09/15]
“Decision comes after Jakarta had said they were scrapping the high-speed rail project.”
Indonesia cancels plans for first high-speed train – [04/09/15]
“Government axes planned link between Jakarta and Bandung, citing cost and short distance.”
China Railway to Jakarta: Choo-choose us – [13/08/15]
“China Railway will hold a week-long exhibition in one of Jakarta’s most upscale shopping malls to gain local favor as the company competes against Japan to win the first high-speed rail project in the archipelago nation, from Jakarta to Bandung.”
China says its high-speed railway package for Indonesia is ‘more competitive’ than Japan’s – [10/08/15]
“China says it is offering more “competitive” benefits for the construction of Indonesia’s first high-speed railway – compared to a rival Japanese offer – as the country completes a feasibility study on the project.”
Japan sweetens Jakarta-Bandung Shinkansen railway offer – [05/08/15]
“Japan is reiterating its intention to win over the Indonesian government in a bid to secure what will be the first high-speed railway project in the archipelago: by offering prices the Japanese claim to be lower than the Chinese are offering.”
Indonesia plans ‘beauty contest’ between China and Japan for high-speed train – [13/07/15]
“The Indonesian government says it will organize a “beauty contest” between China and Japan — the winner of which will be awarded a high-speed train project to connect Jakarta and Bandung.”
Super fast train, Jakarta-Bandung only 37 minutes – [29/01/14]
“The National Development Agency’s deputy of infrastructure Dedy S. Priatna said Indonesia and Japan will work on super fast train project for Jakarta-Bandung route. This project begins with feasibility study for two years and grant of US$15 million from the government of Japan.”
Japan eyes study for bullet train in Indonesia – [18/10/13]
“The study will look into costs and passenger demand, and ways to secure funding for the roughly 150-kilometer route connecting the Indonesian capital Jakarta to Bandung”.
Indonesia’s creaky railways may get ‘shinkansen’ touch – [25/11/13]
“Hitachi, which produces some types of shinkansen, is also exploring the possibility of participating in Indonesia’s new high-speed train project, as a Japan International Cooperation Agency-funded feasibility study on adopting shinkansen technology in Java is slated to begin in January. Such Japanese bullet trains could bring passengers from Jakarta to Bandung, which are 150 kilometers apart, in less than one hour, or from Jakarta to Surabaya in less than three.”
Study on the high speed railway project (Jakarta-Bandung section), Republic of Indonesia [PDF] – [November 2012]
Prepared for: The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry.
Prepared by: Yachiyo Engineering Co., Ltd. Japan International Consultants for Transportation Co., Ltd.